130 Usurpation

    In 1399 Bolingbroke and Richard were locked in a struggle – who would rule England and how.    130 Usurpation   The traditional picture of Bolingbroke is a much laterRead More

    129 Dominion

    At last in 1397 Richard would have felt that he had put his past humiliation from the Appellants behind him. But he was no happier or secure. He gathered hisRead More

    128 The Narcisist

    In 1397, Richard finally saw the chance to try to get his revenge on the Appellants – Gloucester, Arundel and Warwick. So the parliament  of September 1397 was momentus. 128Read More

    127 The Model of Chivalry

    Henry Bolingbroke, Earl of Derby, son of the most powerful magnate in England, was a golden child blessed with every advantage. While Richard tried to get his royal feet underRead More

    125 Accusatio

    By 1387, it was becoming clear that the Wonderful Parliament of 1385 had not solved the problem. Pressure had been building, and Gloucester, Warwick and Arundel were far from satisfiedRead More

    120 … Who was then the Gentleman?

    In June 1381 the revolt came to London. Before long, London was in flames, and the qualities of the young king Richard, and his advisers, were tested to the limitRead More

    119 When Adam delved and Eve Span…

    On a hill outside Blackheath, just to the south of London, a hedge priest called John Ball is preaching to a massive crowd of peasants. When Adam delved and EveRead More