The 1483 Timeline

 A nice and easy timeline for the dramatic events leading from the death of Edward IV to the coronation of Richard III. 

Timeline of Events: April to July 1483
APRIL 6th  False reports of Edward IV’s death reach York
7th Edward gathers the Queen and Royal Councillors at his death bed, urges Hastings and Dorset to make peace which they do. 
9th  Edward IV dies
11th Royal Council meet in London. Woodvilles win the argument to crown Edward immediately on 4th May, with Gloucester as merely leader of the council not Protector. Agree to limit the size of Edward V’s retinue to 2,000
14th News of Edward’s death reaches Rivers and Edward V in Ludlow
?15th Confirmation of news of Edward’s death reaches Gloucester at Middleham from Hastings. Hastings urges Gloucester to take control of Edward V before he reaches London
?16th+ Gloucester writes to Rivers, suggesting they meet on the road to London
Gloucester writes to the Royal Council; pledging allegiance to Edward, consoling the Queen, but also  stating his right to the Protectorship
Buckingham’s letter reaches Richard, suggesting they travel together
19th Funeral of Edward IV; buried at Windsor
21st  Gloucester carries out a funeral service at York for Edward and pledging allegiance to Edward V
Buckingham receives Gloucester’s letter & replies that he will meet at Northampton
23rd Gloucester leaves York, having heard from Rivers that they should meet at Northampton on 29th.
24th Rivers and Edward V leave Ludlow
29th Rivers reaches Stony Stratford; heads north to Northampton to see Gloucester, while Edward V, Grey & Vaughan stay at Stony Stratford. Buckingham arrives at Northampton in the evening, joining Gloucester and Rivers.
Edward Woodville sails with the Fleet and £10,000 of royal treasure
30th  Gloucester and Buckingham seize the King and send Rivers, Grey and Vaughan to captivity at Sheriff’s Hutton. Gloucester writes a calming letter to the Royal Council
MAY 1st  Hastings assembles lords and magnates in London, reads Gloucester’s letter and assures then that Rivers, Grey and Vaughan’s cases would be heard by the Royal Council, and wins them to acquiescence. 
The Woodvilles attempt to raise an army against Gloucester in London – but fail. The Queen flees with her family to the Sanctuary at Westminster Abbey
Chancellor and Archbishop of York panics, and takes the Great Seal to the Queen in Sanctuary.
2nd  Gloucester at Northampton. Sends Rivers to Sheriff Hutton, Grey to Middleham, Vaughan to Pontefract. All in captivity.
4th Gloucester, Buckingham with Edward V between them enter London with 500 men. Greeted by the Mayor and Alderman and happy smiling people. Gloucester brings carts of arms which he claims to have been gathered by the Woodvilles. 

Gloucester summons lords and magnates to swear loyalty to Edward V

George Neville dies without issue. Richard’s claim to the Neville estates relies on George or his issue being alive. 

10th  Meeting of the Royal Council. Gloucester rewards followers, calms nerve with the appointment of neutral men to key positions, turns Great Seal over to the Archbishop of Canterbury. Installed as Protector by the Royal Council. Coronation of Edward V delayed to June 24th.
However, Council refuses Gloucester’s request to accused Rivers, Grey and Vaughan in treason, and criticise him not failing to treat Elizabeth with the dignity of a queen.
13th Writs for a parliament on 25th June issued in Edward V’s name.
15th Buckingham handsomely rewarded by Gloucester, with appointments that made him the most powerful man in Wales
JUNE 5th Anne, Duchess of Gloucester arrives in London
?8th Phillippe de Commines claims that Robert Stillington, Bishop of Bath and Wells presented a case to Gloucester, or Gloucester’s associates, about Edward IV’s pre-contract to Eleanor Butler. A letter from Simon Stallworth makes no mention of it in the royal council.  
10th Gloucester writes to York and asks for troops to save him from the Woodvilles’ plots

Hastings, Morton, Stanley seized from the royal council, and accused of treason. Hastings executed immediately without trial.


Richard surrounds Westminster Abbey & sanctuary, threatens to seize Edward Vs younger brother, the Duke of York, from Elizabeth Woodville. The Queens hands over her son to Gloucester, and he is taken to the Tower

At some point in the second half of June, the Princes’ attendants who had waited on them were debarred from access to them. 

17th  Writs issued delaying Edward Vths coronation to 9th November. However, many missed their target, since the lords and commons assembled on 25th
22nd Ralph Shaw, Canon of St Pauls, preaches a sermon advancing Richard’s claim as the only legitimate heir of York, based on the old story of Edward IV’s bastardy, and a new claim that Edward’s sons were bastards due to a prior marriage 
24th  Buckingham advances the same claims to the Mayor & Aldermen of London at the Guildhall
25th  Lords & Commons called to ‘Parliament’ assemble – though legal status as a parliament not clear. Buckingham presents the petition developed by Stillington for Richard to be king, based on bastardy of Edward IV’s children. 
Rivers, Grey and Vaughan executed on Gloucester’s orders
26th  Delegates of lords and knights duly visit Richard at Baynard Castle, and urge him to take the throne
Gloucester sits in the King’s chair at the Court of the King’s Bench in Westminster hall
28th Official letter to the Captain of Calais announces that his oath of loyalty to Edward V is no longer valid due to his illegitimacy
JULY 3rd  By now, troops from the north have arrived at London. Mancini claims there to be 6,000. 
6th  Coronation of Gloucester as Richard III


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