This poll and prize is sponsored by Simon Hall at Halls Hammered Coins.
The Results of the Poll and Prize Draw
Here are the results of the Grand English Revolution Poll! It was close going between the big four theories…bit of a relief, I suppose, that the current orthodoxy of revisionism did win out. By a whisker. The Whig view of linear progression t modernity is remarkably resilient though.
Interesting also that the Clubman opinion won out in terms of attitudes – a plague on both your houses, let’s just get on with getting on I suppose? Significant sympathy for the Royalist cause.
Anyway thanks to everyone who took part and to the winners of the prizes. Checkout the comments on the post; loads of really interesting thoughts and contributions which I enjoyed reading.
The winners of the prizes should have been contacted, but spam filters being what thy are, if you think you are the one implicated by the partial email below on this list and haven’t heard, drop me an email at email@example.com and let me know.
Third Prize: Silver Half Groat 1625-1644 to: space****.com
Second Prize: ‘Rose’ Style Halfpenny 1638-9 to: befroim****.com
First Prize: Silver Penny minted at Oxford, 1644 and pierced for use as a royalist badge to: ****pimm***.com
The English Revolution
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The English Revolution – Why did it happen?
This is a Poll (masquerading as a quiz – but there are no right or wrong answers here) and Prize Draw set up BEFORE the podcast hits the English Revolution – or the Good Old Cause as Cromwell’s Russet-coated Captains of the New Model Army would later call it. There are three reasons for said poll:
- A bit of fun
- I’m interested to see what your perceptions are before we go into it
- A bit of fun
Scroll to the bottom of the page to start the poll and register for the prize if you wish (PLEASE IGNORE ANY SCORING – THERE ARE NO RIGHT OR WRONG ANSWERS, ITS JUST A FUNCTION OF HOW I HAD TO SET THE WIDGET UP!
The Prize Draw
You don’t have to enter the Prize Draw to do the poll. But if you would like to be entered, indicate this by adding your email in the box below, so I have your contact details when you (inevitably) win. I make this solemn League and Covenant with you that I will use your email address for no other reason than this, and will pass it to no third parties.
There are two prizes: First prize is ****, found for us by Simon of Halls Hammered Coins, and second prize is an Edward I silver penny very generously donated by Greg of this parish – thank you Greg.
There are three questions, not necessarily in this order
- Decide between two choices – were long term pressure behind the English Revolution or was it in the main a short term political Crisis?
- Choose as many or few as you like – which of the listed theories provide the most satisfactory answers as to the cause of the English Revolution?
- What would you be – Roundhead, Cavalier – or opt out of the whole thing and become a Clubman?
Some explanation of the Grand Unifying Theories:
- Whig – this is the pressure of Constitutional change of which we saw so much in the parliaments of James, a demand for a greater say in matters of state against the imposition of royal tyranny and suppression of parliamentary liberties? Or
- Social & Economic change thesis; Weber, Tawny, Christopher Hill, a puritan dynamic class, political change made inevitable by economic change and the rise of capitalism, the emerging bourgoisie and Gentry OR
- Britain’s Religious war, just later than those on the continent, the final working through of the Reformation? Puritans completing the reformation, panicked by fear of Arminianism and the creeping return of Catholicism? Or
- Revolt of the Provinces – a protestant, Anglican and Godly provincial elite that saw the court as religiously pluralist and corrupt, that that the protector of their liberties was no longer the king, but parliament and the common law? Or
- Revisionism: Is this simply a poorly handled political crisis, caused by war, the complexity of Three Kingdoms, turned into perfectly avoidable civil wars by an inflexible and politically incompetent king?
- New Wave Revisionism: That Charles could only behave in the dictates of his conscience, he could not behave like a modern politician. He tried to compromise and deeply believed in his role as protector of his people – but was faced by a coterie of parliamentary malignants, out to wrest away his power in their own interests, using liberty as a blind? Back to Clarendon, 360 degrees!
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This question forces you to choose. Do you think long term issues drove the causes for the English revolution or a short term political crisis?
- Long term causes might include economic change, social change such as the growing middling sort and Gentry, constitutional demands for a greater say in politics, Religious conflict between Anglicanism, Catholicism, Puritianism
- Short term causes emphasise the complexity of the Three Kingdoms – the revolutions in Scotland and Ireland, War and the need for money, Charles’ response to the crises, the actions of a small group in Parliament.
There are many theories, all still with some adherents, as to why the English Revolution happened. This question asks for your ‘gut feel’, ahead of the podcast series, on which of the theories offers you the most complete insight into the Causes. You can choose as many or as few as you like.
Just go with the gut however much you know – which ones hit a cord with you?
Where do your basic sympathies lie before hearing more in the Podcast series? If you’d been there at the time, which side would you have been on? Here’s what the options stand for:
- Cavalier: I’d have fought for the king, and my view of the ancient constitution with king as guardian of the rights and well being of the people
- Roundhead: I’d have fought for the liberties of people and parliament
- Clubman: Violence is never the right answer; these issues should be resolved peacefully. I’ll keep my head down, or even fight to protect my community from the violence of either party