The Solemn League and Covenant will bring a Scottish army to Parliament - and an ocean of trouble
Horrific murders that led to public debate about the ethics of true crime as drama
In July 1643 all looked set fair for the royalist cause after a string of victories
Prof Oakes talks to me about Margaret Cavendish - poet, natural philosopher, duchess and 17th century celebrity
July 1643 would see two critical contests at Bath and in Yorkshire. And the death of The Patriot
Early 1643 was not a good idea for peace. By April, both the Scots and English parliament had tired of Charles’ negotiating style and started talking to each otherRead More
The deaths of Bedfod and Strafford started the countdown to a violent to the issues at stake
Despite multiplying armies, the search for peace goes on
The King and people of London face off at Turnham Green
Charles’ situation in August looked dire. But at Shrewsbury, soldiers came to his call, arms reached him from Henrietta Maria, and in October he had an army, and set ofRead More
How people made choices for king or parliament, and whether they cared
Both sides lay out their stalls. And Henry Parker lays out some underlying foundations of English political thought
Big, ambitious and absorbing portrait of a genius who helped change the world
British reactions to the French Revolution through the eyes of Burke and Paine
Six days in January 1642 which changed the course of English history
A revolt and massacres in Ireland, and the struggle over the Grand Remonstrance.
The Royal fightback begins. A party to control parliament for the king
In a time of national danger and an explosion of print and debate, the Protestation Oath of 1641 was a remarkable act of nation building
Charles looks for friends in Scotland
Will Charles be willing to pay the price to restore his authority?
Martin and Eleanor from The Three Ravens Podcast explore the history and folklore of Yorkshire.
The dramatic story of the trial and judgement of the Earl of Strafford
Charles’ response to the Scottish Declaration was severe; but it also caused a division in the Junto, and among MPs. Meanwhile, as poublic religious debate exploded, divisions also grew betweenRead More
After hard negotiation, by February 1641 a workable compromise was in sight
How the Duchess of Aquitaine's choices created a western Empire
A new settlement would be formed between King, parliament and people
Strafford would have no backing down. Bring the rebels to heel!
At last, the 11 year wait is over. Parliament is back.
'I expect not anything can reduce that people to obedience but force only' Charles wrote in 1638. The following year that would be put to the test. in the First Bishops War (Bishops not included).
Charles was determined to bring Scottish and English churches into harmony. There'll be trouble.
English place names are a direct window in into the lives of our ancestors - an insight into the origins or remarkable features of ancient settlements. Here's a brief survey of how to decode some of them.
11 years of peace, prosperity - and tyranny?
In 1633 Thomas Wentworth arrived in Ireland - and despite great administrative efficiency, managed to separately outrage each of the components of Irish Society Meanwhile in London, William Prynne and John Lillburne stood form against tyranny.
The colonists that traveled to New England were very different to the Chesapeake, and the society they established also very different. For the indigenous peoples, the shock would be every bit as severe.
Colonisation of the Chesapeake would be driven by its climate and its most successful crop - tobacco, defining the social structure of the colonists and the society they would form, and the impact they would have on the indigenous peoples.
'By what right?' In this episode we think about how the early English colonisers viewed their Westward Enterprise, and legitimised their activities. And then turn to the region Eric Williams described as 'The Hub of Empire'. The Caribbean.
The 1630's saw an acceleration of English colonisation in the Americas. What cultures and peoples will they meet when they get there? A horribly brief survey of cultures north of the Rio Grande before the English came.
With Parliament banished, there was little restraint on Laud and Charles to implement the reforms they felt were needed to improve the quality of religious observations and the spiritual wealth of all English. Not everyone would approve their efforts.
In 1637 Charles sought an example to squash opposition to Ship Money, and chose a minor country squire. John Hampden refused to back down.
This 2018 film directed by Yorgos Lanthimos is a glorious tragi-comedy about the lives of three women - Queen Anne, Sarah Churchill and Abigail Hill. It travels the full spectrum from barking mad to genuinely moving. It is a blast.
Henry Stuart’s death as eldest so and heir of James I & VI Henry gives us one of those great ‘what if?’ moments in history, like the death of ArthurRead More
Charles had done the right thing of we wanted to avoid parliaments - reducing costs by making peace. But, how was he to raise money to clear that £2m debt? Well, two words came in to play - many, and various.
Released in 1963 The Great Escape has got to be one of the definitive tales of derring-do, the ultimate escapism, in the 'film is fun' genre. What role would you have had if you had been there?
Relationships with the other kingdoms was definitely the royal preserve. But policy options might vary, from favouring the desires of his protestant subjects, to the Spanish faction on the privy Council. But his clout was always hampered by the poor state of the Royal Navy
I remember back in 1981 this film was a sensation; we were all running around on beaches in slo-mo. Has it stood the test of time, though, and is it any more than a bit of fluff?
Charles was determined to run his court completely differently to his father. Controlled, regulated, ordered; an example of a warm, loving and enlightened household that would prove an example of the majesty and stability of his reign.
Edward I’s Jewel house was a thick walled, impregnable fortress to keep the king’s treasure safe. But some of his less salubrious and loyal subjects had an idea that maybeRead More
Jane Campion's Bright Star was released in 2009 and featured on the lives of Fanny Browne and John Keats in the last years of Keat's life. Abbie Cornish and Ben Wishaw do a brilliant job of recreating their lives
Was it an 'Eleven years tyranny' or 'Halcyon Days' that followed 1629? Either way, foreign ambassadors were not hopeful of England's future. But Charles first priority was to reduce the Vipers of parliament to submission.
New wine? Or old wine in new bottles?